Conditional Sentences, If-clauses type 0, 1, 2, 3 & Mixed

Conditional Sentences, If-clauses type 0, 1, 2, 3 & Mixed

There are 5 basic types of conditional sentences: type 1 conditional sentences, type 2 conditional sentences and type 3 conditional sentences, but in this lesson, we will learn some more types of conditional sentences. and will start with a conditional of type 0.

The Zero Conditional

The zero conditional is used for when the time being referred to is now or always and the situation is real and possible and also used to refer to general truths. In zero conditional sentences, the word ” if ” can usually be replaced by the word ” when ” without changing the meaning.

The structure of Type Zero conditional sentences:

Form :

If clauseMain clause
If + Simple presentSimple present

Example:

  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • If it rains, the grass gets wet.

The Zero Conditional (Present Real Conditional)

The First Conditional Sentences

The type 1 conditional is used to refer to the present or future where the situation is real. The type 1 conditional refers to a possible condition and its probable result.

The structure of Type 1 conditional sentences:

Form :

If clauseMain clause
If + Simple presentSimple future

Example:

  • If you don’t hurry, you will miss the train.
  • If it rains today, you will get wet.
The First Conditional

The First Conditional (Present or Future Real Conditional)

The Second Conditional Sentences

The type 2 conditional is used to refer to a time that is now or any time , and a situation that is unreal . These sentences are not based on fact . The type 2 conditional is used to refer to a hypothetical condition and its probable result.

The structure of Type 2 conditional sentences:

Form :

If clauseMain clause
If + Simple pastPresent conditional or present continuous conditional

Example:

  • If you went to bed earlier, you would not be so tired.
  • If it rained, you would get wet.
The Second Conditional

The Second Conditional (Present Unreal Conditional)

The Third Conditional Sentences

The type 3 conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is contrary to reality. The facts they are based on are the opposite of what is expressed. The type 3 conditional is used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable past result.

The structure of Type 3 conditional sentences:

Form :

If clauseMain clause
If + Past perfectPerfect conditional or perfect continuous conditional

Example:

  • If you had studied harder you would have passed the exam.
  • If I had accepted that promotion I would have been working in Milan.
The Third Conditional

The Third Conditional (Past Unreal Conditional)

The Mixed Conditional

The mixed type conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is ongoing into the present. The facts they are based on are the opposite of what is expressed. The mixed type conditional is used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.

The structure of Type Mixed conditional sentences:

Form :

If clauseMain clause
If + Past perfect or simple pastPresent conditional or perfect conditional

Example:

  • If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.
  • If we had looked at the map, we wouldn’t be lost.
The Mixed Conditional

The Mixed Conditional (Present Result of a Past Condition)

Conclusion

We hope that my explanation of conditional sentences in English was clear and understandable. Good luck with your studies and soon!

In addition, you can refer to many other basic English test preparation materials, such as English story, words, grammar, sentences, … are constantly update on Englishtivi.com.

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