How many parts of speech are there in English?
There are 8 parts of speech in English grammar: noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, verb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
Here in this lesson, we will cover the adverb and then we will move ahead with others. Now learn What is it? What is its definition? What is the use of it? and what are its kinds or types etc?
An adverb is a word that modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or an adverb.
Kinds of Adverbs
a). Adverbs of manner
It is used to show how the action is done. Also, adverbs of manner tell us how something happens. They are usually placed after the main verb or after the object.
- I decided to leave her secretly last night. (secretly modifies the verb of leave)
- I secretly decided to leave her last night. (secretly modifies the verb of decided)
BE CAREFUL! The adverb should not be put between the verb and the object.
- He ate greedily the chocolate cake, (incorrect)
- He ate the chocolate cake greedily, (correct)
b). Adverbs of place
It tells us where something happens. They are usually placed after the main verb or after the object.
- He built a house nearby.
- My grandfather lives abroad.
c). Adverbs of direction
- Do you want to go there with me?
- Marline went upstairs quickly.
d). Adverbs of time
It tells us when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often.
- We went to our hometown twice a year.
- Tom will come soon.
e). Adverbs of frequency
It tells us how often an action happened.
|S + adverb of frequency + main verb|
|S + to be + adverb of frequency|
- Marane usually pays attention to her course.
- I’m rarely sick, but I sometimes have a headache.
f). Sentence adverbs
- Peter is obviously intelligent.
- Honestly. Tom didn’t get the money.
g). Adverbs of degree
- My bedroom is big enough.
- I almost forget to return your money.
h). Interrogative adverbs
- Where do you come from?
- Why does he play trick on her?
- Who is Danny waiting for?
i). Adverbs locations
It can go with certain verbs or adjectives because there is a link in meaning between two.
- It is virtually impossible to get away from mobile phone these days.
- I hate cold climate. I am sorely tempted to emigrate somewhere warm.
J). Adverbs with two forms
It some adverbs have two forms, one with and one without-ly. Sometimes the two meanings are connected.
- We are flying high over the ocean.
- I think very highly of Chelsea and her work.
k). Intensifying adverbs
It often goes together with certain verbs and adjectives.
- I totally quite agree with you.
- I absolutely adore ice-cream.
You might also like: Noun – Parts Of Speech – Noun English Grammar
Adjective + ly = Adverbs
|A. The ending of general words||Extreme => extremely|
|Rare => rarely|
|B. ible => it drops the final “e”||Sensible = > sensibly|
|Flexible => flexibly|
|C. able => it drops the final “e”||Agreeable => agreeably|
|Capable => capably|
|D. ic => it puts -ally||Romantic = > romantically|
|Democratic => democratically|
Prefix + Root
|A + Noun||= >||away, abroad, afire, etc.|
|In + Noun||= >||indeed, indoors, inside, etc.|
|Out + Noun||= >||outside, outward, outdoors, etc.|
|A1 + adverb||= >||already, altogether, etc.|
|Adverb + adverb||= >||whenever, however, whereupon|
|Adverb + Preposition||= >||therein, hereupon, hereby, etc.|
|Some/Any/No + How||= >||somehow, anyhow, no how|
|Some/Any/No + Where||= >||somewhere, anywhere, nowhere|
|Subject + verb + as +[ Adj/Adverb ]+as + noun or pronoun.|
- His car runs as fast as a race car.
- David sings as well as his sister.
- They walk as slowly as we.
|Subject + verb +[ Adv+er/ More+adv/ Less+ adv] + than + noun or pronoun.|
- My girlfriend arrived earlier than I expected.
- Peter eats quickly than me/I do.
- Tony drives more carefully than George.
- He visits his family less frequently than she does.
|The + comparative adv + S + V, the comparative adv + S + V|
- The sooner we leave, the sooner we will get there.
- The more I thought about the plan, the less I like it.
|Subject + verb + the + [ Adv+est/ Most+adv/ Least+ adv ] + (in/of) + noun or pronoun.|
Some adjective are also adverb
Dany drives fast to the airport, (adv) / My girlfriend took a fast bus. (adj)
- Darith is waiting for her mom, (adv.phr modifiers the verb)
- I seemed to be interesting in her, (adv.phr modifiers the adj)
- My students work hard for their exams, (adv.phr modifiers the adverb)
|Time||I love you until I die.|
|Place||Dave follows him wherever he goes.|
|Manner||Kompheak ran home quickly as if he saw a ghost.|
|Purpose||We go early so that we can get good seats.|
|Comparison||Your English knowledge is better than me.|
|Result||This is such a good picture that I come to see it.|
|Reason||I want to get married to Mary because she is a beautiful girl.|
|Condition||I would buy a new car if I had enough money.|
|Concession||Sothea can’t find happiness although she is rich.|
|State||You have to do as I told you.|
- Right before the adjective, adverb, preposition, or conjunction.
- Before or after the preposition
- Right after the intransitive verb
- Before a transitive verb or after its object
- After special verbs
- Before or after an infinitive
- At the beginning of the sentence
You might also like: Adjective – Parts Of Speech – Adjective English Grammar
Above is a summary of it. Hopefully, we have contributed to help you learn English in general, become more accessible and more interesting. Good luck with your studies and soon!
Subscribe to the English tivi channel on Youtube to improve your English learning skills!