Adjective and Adverb: The Difference and the Rules

Adjective and Adverb: The Difference and the Rules

To speak correctly and write standard English, you first need to understand the function of each word type in a sentence, including adjective and adverb. In addition, grasping the position and telltale signs between these two words is also very important to perfect your English skills.

There are a lot of misconceptions about the words “adjective” and “adverb.” The truth is, their meanings are not always interchangeable. In this lesson, we teach you the difference between these two words and show you how to use them properly.

Learn all about adjectives and adverbs with English tivi right now!

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Adjective

An adjective is a word that indicates the nature, extent, range, etc. of a person or thing. It modifies nouns, pronouns, or linking verbs. Adjectives always come before the noun to be modified:

-That is my new red car.

Except for the case that the following two adjectives can come after the noun to be modified: “galore” (many, abundant, abundant) and “general” in the names of major agencies and positions:

-There were errors galore in your final test.

-UN Secretary-General

Adjectives after provocative pronouns (something, anything, anybody…)

-It’s something strange.

-He is somebody quite unknown.

Adjectives are divided into 2 types: descriptive adjectives and limiting adjectives. Descriptive adjectives are adjectives that indicate the color, size, or quality of an object or person. Limiting adjectives are adjectives indicating the quantity, distance, possessive properties, etc. An adjective does not change in person and number of the noun it modifies, except in the case of “these” and “those”.

DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVE LIMITING ADJECTIVE
beautiful
large
red
interesting
important
colorful
one, two
first, second
my, your, his
this, that, these, those
few, many, much

When a descriptive adjective modifies a singular countable noun, it usually has the article.
a, an or the in front like a pretty girl, an interesting book, the red dress

– Adjectives go before the noun but after the linking verb

If in a phrase there are many adjectives that modify the same noun, the order of the adjectives will be as follows: possessive adjective or article, opinion, size, age, shape, color, origin, material, purpose. Notice that the possessive adjective (my, your, our…) or article (a, an, the) if present, always precede other adjectives. If you have used an article, do not use a possessive adjective and vice versa.

+ A silly young English man

+ The huge round metal bowl

art/poss opinion size age shape color origin material purpose noun
a silly   Young     English     man
the   huge   round     metal   bowl
my   small     red     sleeping bag

You might also like: Adjective – Parts Of Speech – Adjective English Grammar

Adverb (preposition)

Adverbs (Adverbs) modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

+ Rita drank too much

+ I don’t play tennis very well.

+ John is reading carefully

+ She speaks Spanish fluently

Usually, descriptive adjectives can be changed into adverbs by adding the suffix -ly to the adjective

+ He is a careful driver. He always drives carefully.

ADJECTIVE ADVERB
bright
careful
quiet
brightly
carefully
quietly

However, there are some adjectives that do not follow the above rules:

• Some special adjectives: good => well; hard => hard; fast => fast; …

-She is a good singer. She sings very well.

• Some adjectives also end in -ly (lovely, friendly…) so to replace adverbs of these adjectives, people use: in a/ an + Adj + way/ manner.

-He is a friendly man. He behaved to me in a friendly way.

The following words are also adverbs: so, very, almost, soon, often, fast, rather, well, there, too. Adverbs are divided into the following six categories:

ADVERB OF EXAMPLE TELL US
Manner happily, bitterly how something happens
Degree totally, completely how much something happens, often go with
an adjective
Frequency never, often how often something happens
Time recently, just when things happen
Place here, there where things happen
Disjunct hopefully, frankly viewpoint and comments about things that happen

Adverbs often act as adverbs in sentences. In addition, prepositional phrases also act as adverbs, they include an opening preposition and the following noun to indicate: address (at home), time (at 5 p.m), vehicle (by train), situation, action. These phrases all function and are used as adverbs, and can also be considered adverbs.

Regarding the order, the adverbs with the same modifiers for a verb usually appear in the order: manner, place, time. In general, adverbs of manner (manner – tell how the action happens) are more closely related to verbs than adverbs of place and adverbs of place. associated with verbs more closely than adverbs of time.

-The old woman is sitting quietly by the fire for hours.

In terms of position, adverbs can appear almost anywhere in a sentence: at the end of a sentence, at the beginning of a sentence, before the main verb, after the auxiliary verb, but also because of that, it is a rather complicated matter. The position of the adverb can change the meaning of the sentence somewhat.

You might also like: Adverb – Parts Of Speech – Adverb English Grammar

Signs to Recognize Adjective and Adverb

Signs to recognize adjectives

  • The end is “able”: comparable, comfortable, capable

-We select the hotel because the rooms are comfortable.

  • The end is “ible”: responsible, possible, flexible

-She is responsible for her son’s life

  • The end is “ous”: dangerous, humorous, notorious

-She is one of the most humorous actresses I’ve ever known.

  • The end is “ive”: attractive, decisive, competitive

-She is a very attractive teacher.

  • The end is “ent”: confident, dependent, different

-He is confident in getting a good job next week.

  • The end is “ful”: careful, harmful, beautiful

-Smoking is extremely harmful to your health.

  • The end is “less”: careless, harmless, breathless

-He is fired because of his careless attitude to the monetary issue.

  • The end is “ant”: important, reluctant, tolerant

-Unemployment is an important interest of the whole company.

  • The end is “ic”: economic, specific, toxic

-Please stick to the specific main point.

  • The end is “ly”: friendly, lovely, costly

-Making many copies can be very costly for the company.

  • The end is “y”: rainy, sunny, muddy

-Today is the rainiest of the entire month.

  • The end is “al”: economical (tiết kiệm), historical, physical

– Instead of driving to work, he has found out a more economical way to save money.

  • The end is “ing”: interesting, exciting, moving

-I can’t help crying because of the moving film.

  • The end is “ed”: excited, interested, tired

-He has been working so hard today, so he is really exhausted.

Adverb recognition signs

Structural adverbs are quite simple:

Adv = Adj + -ly

Eg: wonderfully, beautifully, carelessly…

– She dances extremely beautifully.

See more at: English Grammar

Adjective and Adverb Exercises

Question 1: He answered the phone____________.                .

A. sudden

B. suddenly

Question 2: There is a lot of____________interference on the line.

A. noisy

B. noisily

Question 3: Thank you for returning my call so____________.                    .

A. quick

B. quickly

Question 4: I am calling because the changes seem very____________.                 

A. importantly

B. important

Question 5: Sorry, but I can’t write that____________.                

A. fast

B. fastly

Question 6: She sounded very____________ on the phone

A. angrily

B. angry

Question 7: The boy skipped____________ down the road to school.

A. happy

B. happily

Question 8: It was____________packaged and wrapped in pretty, recycled paper.

A. nicely

B. nice

Question 9: All goes____________, and he feels relaxed enough to go for a walk.

A. good

B. well

Question 10: Andy doesn’t often work____________.             .

A. hardly

B. hard

Question 11: She planned their trip to Greece very____________.               .

A. carefully

B. careful

Question 12: She speaks very____________.              .

A. quietly

B. quiet

Question 13: Turn the stereo down. It’s too____________.           .

A. loudly

B. loud

Question 14: Children should be cared for by a____________ family.

A. normally

B. normal

Question 15: Jane is____________because her job is____________.             .

A. bored-bored

B. boring-boring

C. boring-bored

D. bored-boring

Question 16: Mai has lived in London for five years so she speaks____________.            .

A. perfect English

B. perfectly English

C. English perfect

D. English more perfect

Question 17: Mr. Davis doesn’t work here____________. He left about 6 months ago.

A. any long

B. some long

C. any longest

D. any longer

Question 18: We didn’t go out because it was raining____________.              .

A. heavy

B. heavily

C. heavier

D. heavilier

Question 19: The driver of the car was____________in the accident.

A. serious injured

B. seriously injured

C. serious injuredly

Question 20: I don’t like this coffee because it tastes very____________.               .

A. strength

B. strong

C. strongly

D. strengthly

Adjective and Adverb Answer

1: B. suddenly

2: A. noisy

3: B. quickly

4: B. important

5: A. fast

6: B. angry

7: B. happily

8: A. nicely

9: B. well

10: B. hard

11: A. carefully

12: A. quitely

13: B. loud

14: B. normal

15: D. bored-boring

16: B. perfectly English

17: D. any longer

18: B. heavily

19: B. seriously injured

20: B. strong

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