Pronouns – Parts Of Speech – Pronouns English Grammar

Pronouns – Parts Of Speech – Pronouns English Grammar

How many parts of speech are there in English?
There are 8 parts of speech in English grammar: noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, verb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.

Here in this lesson, we will cover the pronouns and then we will move ahead with others. Now learn What is it? What is its definition? What is the use of it? and what are its kinds or types etc?

Let’s learn with English tivi on the topic: Pronouns – Parts Of Speech – English Grammar right now!

parts-of-speech-the-pronouns

Definition

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun to indicate someone or something already mentioned or known.

Kinds of Pronouns

Personal pronouns

Subject PronounsObject Pronouns
IMe
YouYou
WeUs
TheyThem
HeHim
SheHer
ItIt

a). Subject Pronouns

It is exactly what it sounds like: a pronoun that takes the place of a noun as the subject of a sentence.

Example:   

  • I like your dress.
  • You are late.
  • He is my friend

b). We use the object pronoun

+ as the object of the verb:

  • Can you help me, please?
  • She doesn’t like him.

+ after prepositions:

  • She is waiting for me.
  • I’ll get it for you.

Possessive pronouns

Possessive AdjectivePossessive Pronouns
MyMine
YourYours
OurOurs
TheirTheirs
HisHis
HerHers
ItsIts

+ We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a noun phrase

Is that John’s car?  No, it’s [my car]>No, it’s mine.
Whose coat is this?       Is it [your coat]?>Is it yours?

+ We can use possessive pronouns after of.

Examples:

  • Susan is one of my friends. OR
  • Susan is a friend of mine, but not Susan is a friend of me.

You might also like: Noun – Parts Of Speech – Noun English Grammar

Self-pronouns

SingularPlural
MyselfOurselves
YourselfYourselves
HimselfThemselves
HerselfThemselves
ItselfThemselves

a). Reflexive pronouns: may be used when both the subject and the complement refer to the same person or thing. It is used as the complement of a sentence or a clause or as the object of a preposition.

Examples:

  • Lina loves herself very much.
  • Did Peter pay for himself?

b). Emphasizing pronouns: can also be used for emphasis, so they are called emphasizing pronouns. It means that the subject did the action alone. In this case, it normally follows the subject.

Examples:

  • He lived by himself in an enormous house.
  • Sir Paul McCartney himself sang the final song.
  • She mended the car herself.

Relative pronouns

SubjectObjectPossessive
For PersonWho, ThatWho, Whom. ThatWhose
For TilingsWhich, ThatWhich, ThatWhose

Examples:

  • Spaghetti, which many of us enjoy, can be messy.
  • This is the book that everyone is talking about.
  • She wrote to the person whom she had met last month.

Demonstration pronouns

SingularPlural
ThisThese
ThatThose

Examples:

  • This is my lecturer who has a Ph.D. degree in politics.
  • This car is cheaper than that.
  • No one is allowed in the room except those who have paid, (clause)
  • Those waiting to see the doctor may go in now. (phrase)
  • For those interested in learning, the university offers a good program.

Indefinite pronoun

whowhomwhatwhosewherewhen

Examples:

  • This is my lecturer who has a Ph.D. degree in politics.
  • This car is cheaper than that.
  • No one is allowed in the room except those who have paid, (clause)
  • Those waiting to see the doctor may go in now. (phrase)
  • For those interested in learning, the university offers a good program.
Eitherneitherbothsomeanyone
Oneanotherothersanythingnowhere
Somethingsomewhereanyonenobody
Everyoneeverythingeverywhereeach
Nothingnoneallsomeone

Example:

  • Either of us speak and write English.
  • Neither of them knows the way, don’t they?
  • I want both of you to work with me.
  • All of the mourners were dressed in black.

You might also like: Adjective – Parts Of Speech – Adjective English Grammar

Reciprocal pronoun

We use it when each of two or more subjects is acting in the same way towards the other.

Examples:

  • You family member love each other.
  • Let’s meet each other after class.
  • They will never find each other about once a week.
  • The ten prisoners were all blaming one another.

Antecedents of pronouns

It is a word that comes before a pronoun to which the pronoun refers.

Examples:

  • Jonh hates politicians because he believes that they are corrupt.
  • The vase broke as I put it on the glass table.
  • While Peter is walking across the campus, he saw his girlfriend.

Conclusion

Above is a summary of Parts of speech: Pronouns. Hopefully, we have contributed to help you learn English in general, become more accessible and more interesting. Good luck with your studies and soon!

In addition, you can refer to many other basic English test preparation materials, such as English wordsEnglish grammar, English sentences, … are constantly updating on Englishtivi.com

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