Pronouns – Parts Of Speech – Pronouns English Grammar

Pronouns – Parts Of Speech – Pronouns English Grammar

How many parts of speech are there in English?
There are 8 parts of speech in English grammar: noun, adjective, adverb, pronoun, verb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.

Here in this lesson, we will cover the pronouns and then we will move ahead with others. Now learn What is it? What is its definition? What is the use of it? and what are its kinds or types etc?

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parts-of-speech-the-pronouns

Definition

A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun to indicate someone or something already mentioned or known.

Kinds of Pronouns

Personal pronouns

Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns
I Me
You You
We Us
They Them
He Him
She Her
It It

a). Subject Pronouns

It is exactly what it sounds like: a pronoun that takes the place of a noun as the subject of a sentence.

Example:   

  • I like your dress.
  • You are late.
  • He is my friend

b). We use the object pronoun

+ as the object of the verb:

  • Can you help me, please?
  • She doesn’t like him.

+ after prepositions:

  • She is waiting for me.
  • I’ll get it for you.

Possessive pronouns

Possessive Adjective Possessive Pronouns
My Mine
Your Yours
Our Ours
Their Theirs
His His
Her Hers
Its Its

+ We can use a possessive pronoun instead of a noun phrase

Is that John’s car?   No, it’s [my car] > No, it’s mine.
Whose coat is this?        Is it [your coat]? > Is it yours?

+ We can use possessive pronouns after of.

Examples:

  • Susan is one of my friends. OR
  • Susan is a friend of mine, but not Susan is a friend of me.

You might also like: Noun – Parts Of Speech – Noun English Grammar

Self-pronouns

Singular Plural
Myself Ourselves
Yourself Yourselves
Himself Themselves
Herself Themselves
Itself Themselves

a). Reflexive pronouns: may be used when both the subject and the complement refer to the same person or thing. It is used as the complement of a sentence or a clause or as the object of a preposition.

Examples:

  • Lina loves herself very much.
  • Did Peter pay for himself?

b). Emphasizing pronouns: can also be used for emphasis, so they are called emphasizing pronouns. It means that the subject did the action alone. In this case, it normally follows the subject.

Examples:

  • He lived by himself in an enormous house.
  • Sir Paul McCartney himself sang the final song.
  • She mended the car herself.

Relative pronouns

  Subject Object Possessive
For Person Who, That Who, Whom. That Whose
For Tilings Which, That Which, That Whose

Examples:

  • Spaghetti, which many of us enjoy, can be messy.
  • This is the book that everyone is talking about.
  • She wrote to the person whom she had met last month.

Demonstration pronouns

Singular Plural
This These
That Those

Examples:

  • This is my lecturer who has a Ph.D. degree in politics.
  • This car is cheaper than that.
  • No one is allowed in the room except those who have paid, (clause)
  • Those waiting to see the doctor may go in now. (phrase)
  • For those interested in learning, the university offers a good program.

Indefinite pronoun

who whom what whose where when

Examples:

  • This is my lecturer who has a Ph.D. degree in politics.
  • This car is cheaper than that.
  • No one is allowed in the room except those who have paid, (clause)
  • Those waiting to see the doctor may go in now. (phrase)
  • For those interested in learning, the university offers a good program.
Either neither both some anyone
One another others anything nowhere
Something somewhere anyone nobody  
Everyone everything everywhere each  
Nothing none all someone  

Example:

  • Either of us speak and write English.
  • Neither of them knows the way, don’t they?
  • I want both of you to work with me.
  • All of the mourners were dressed in black.

You might also like: Adjective – Parts Of Speech – Adjective English Grammar

Reciprocal pronoun

We use it when each of two or more subjects is acting in the same way towards the other.

Examples:

  • You family member love each other.
  • Let’s meet each other after class.
  • They will never find each other about once a week.
  • The ten prisoners were all blaming one another.

Antecedents of pronouns

It is a word that comes before a pronoun to which the pronoun refers.

Examples:

  • Jonh hates politicians because he believes that they are corrupt.
  • The vase broke as I put it on the glass table.
  • While Peter is walking across the campus, he saw his girlfriend.

Conclusion

Above is a summary of Parts of speech: Pronouns. Hopefully, we have contributed to help you learn English in general, become more accessible and more interesting. Good luck with your studies and soon!

In addition, you can refer to many other basic English test preparation materials, such as English wordsEnglish grammar, English sentences, … are constantly updating on Englishtivi.com

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