Verb forms: V-ing and to V

Verb forms: V-ing and to V

One of the most asked questions by exam reviewers is how to choose the correct answer in the questions related to V-ing and to V?

Today English tivi will take a look at the most common sentence structures of V-ing and To-V. Hopefully, you will no longer have any difficulty with the different types of V-ing or To-V in the process of doing the test.

You might also like: ALL the English Grammar Basics You Need

How to Use V-ing and to V in English

V-INGTO V
1. As the subject of a sentence:
Dancing bored him.
2. Verb complement:
– Her hobby is painting.
3. As a complement:
– Seeing is believing.
4. After preposition and verb + preposition: apologies for, accuse of, insist on, feel like, congratulate on, suspect of, look forward to, dream of, succeed in, object to, approve/disapprove of…
– He was accused of smuggling.
5. After a few verbs: avoid, mind, enjoy, admit, delay, excuse, consider, deny, finish, imagine, forgive, keep, miss, postpone, practice, resist, risk, propose, detest, dread, resent, pardon, fancy…
– He admitted taking the money.
– Would you consider selling the property?
– He kept complaining.
6. Follow phrases like:
– It’s no use / It’s no good…
– There’s no point (in)…
– It’s (not) worth …
– Have difficult/ trouble (in) …
– It’s a waste of time/ money …
– Spend/ waste time/money …
– Be/ get used to …
– Be/ get accustomed to …
– Do/ Would you mind…?
– Be busy – What about…? How about…?
– Go + V-ing (go shopping, go swimming…)
1. The following verbs are followed directly by to V: agree, appear, arrange, attempt, ask, decide, determine, fail, endeavor, happen, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prepare, promise, prove, refuse, seem, tend, threaten, volunteer, expect, want,…
– She agreed to pay $50.
– Two men failed to return from the expedition.
– The remnants refused to leave.
– She volunteered to help the disabled.
– He learnt to look after himself.
2. Verb + how/ what/ when/ where/ which + to V
The verbs that use this formula are: ask, decide, discover, find out, forget, know, learn, remember, see, show, think, understand, want to know, wonder…
– He discovered how to open the safe.
– I found out where to buy fruit cheaply.
– She couldn’t think what to say.
– I showed her which button to press.
3. Verb + Object + to V
The verbs that follow this formula are: advise, allow, enable, encourage, forbid, force, hear, instruct, invite, order, permit, persuade, request, remind, train, urge, want, tempt…

– These glasses will enable you to see in the dark.
– She encouraged me to try again.
– They forbade her to leave the house.
– They persuaded us to go with them.

Some Special Verbs Can Be Combined with Both V-ing and to V

Note: Some verbs can go with both To V and V-ing, compare the difference in meaning between them.

Stop

+ Stop V-ing: stop doing something (stop completely)

+ Stop to V: stop to do something

  • Stop smoking
  • Stop to smoke

Remember

+ Remember/forget/regret to V: (present – ​​future)

+ Remember/forget/regret V-ing: (in the past)

  • Remember to send this letter.
  • Don’t forget to buy flowers.
  • I regret to inform you that the train was canceled.
  • I paid her $2. I still remember that. I still remember paying her $2.
  • She will never forget meeting the Queen.
  • He regrets leaving school early. It is the biggest mistake in his life.

Try

+ Try to V:

+ Try V-ing:

  • I try to pass the exam.
  • You should try unlocking the door with this key.

Like

+ Like V-ing: like doing something because it’s interesting, interesting, attractive, doing it for common sense.

+ Like to do: do it because it is good and necessary.

  • I like watching TV.
  • I want to have this job. I like to learn English.

Prefer

+ Prefer V-ing to V-ing

+ Prefer + to V + rather than (V)

  • I prefer driving to traveling by train.
  • I prefer to drive rather than travel by train.

+ Mean to V

+ Mean V-ing

  • He doesn’t mean to prevent you from doing that.
  • This sign means not going into.

Need

+ Need to V

+ Need V-ing (= need to be done)

  • I need to go to school today.
  • Your hair needs cutting. (= your hair needs to be cut).

Used to/ Be/Get used to

+ Used to V: used to/usually do in the past (don’t do it now)

+ Be/Get used to V-ing: get used to something (in the present)

  • I used to get up early when I was young.
  • I’m used to getting up early.

Advise/allow/permit/recommend

+ Advise/allow/permit/recommend + Object + to V:

+ Advise/allow/permit/recommend + V-ing:

  • He advised me to apply at once.
  • He advised applying at once.
  • They don’t allow us to park here.
  • They don’t allow parking here.

See/hear/smell/feel/notice/watch

+ See/hear/smell/feel/notice/watch + Object + V-ing:

+ See/hear/smell/feel/notice/watch + Object + V:

  • I see him passing my house every day.
  • She smelt something burning and saw smoke rising.
  • We saw him leave the house.
  • I heard him make arrangements for his journey.

V-ing and to V Exercise

Exercise

1: He often lets other people……………….. (move) ahead.

2: Would you mind………………..(buy) me lunch?

3: I prefer………………..(drive) to walking.

4. ………………..(Lie) on this beach is very pleasant.

5: I tried………………..(explain) it to him, but he didn’t understand.

6: After………………..(hear) the conditions I left.

7: I suggested………………..(not go) out in the rain.

8: I decided………………..(enter) for the competition.

9: Some people seem………………..(be) very kind.

10: I have a passion for………………..(write) to the newspapers.

11: By………………..(offer) enormous wages she persuaded him to work for her.

12: Try………………..(forget) your past.

13: There’s no point in………………..(do) such dangerous things.

14: He postponed………………..(go) to the cinema.

15: It is usually easier………………..(learn) English in English-speaking countries.

16:  It is not worth………………..(worry) about.

17: Did you remember………………..(give) him the key?

18: I didn’t dare………………..(leave) my mother because she felt very sick.

19: I know my hair needs………………..(wash).

20: He keeps ………………..(ask) me such stupid questions.

Answers

1: He often lets other people move (move) ahead.

2: Would you mind buying (buy) me lunch?

3: I prefer driving (drive) to walking.

4. Lying (Lie) on this beach is very pleasant.

5: I tried to explain(explain) it to him, but he didn’t understand.

6: After hearing (hear) the conditions I left.

7: I suggested not going(not go) out in the rain.

8: I decided to enter (enter) for the competition.

9: Some people seem to be (be) very kind.

10: I have a passion for writing (write) to the newspapers.

11: By offering (offer) enormous wages she persuaded him to work for her.

12: Try to forget (forget) your past.

13: There’s no point in doing (do) such dangerous things.

14: He postponed going (go) to the cinema.

15: It is usually easier to learn (learn) English in English-speaking countries.

16:  It is not worth worrying (worry) about.

17: Did you remember to give (give) him the key?

18: I didn’t dare to leave (leave) my mother because she felt very sick.

19: I know my hair needs washing (wash).

20: He keeps asking (ask) me such stupid questions.

V-ing-and-to-V-Exercise

Read more: English Grammar

Conclusion

Now, do you understand how to use “V-ing” and “to V”? Let’s accompany English English tivi to learn more useful lessons!

Subscribe to the English TV channel on Youtube to improve your English skills!

5/5 - (1 vote)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *