Parts Of Speech Prepositions – English Grammar

Parts Of Speech Prepositions – English Grammar

Prepositions in English appear in most English sentences, regardless of whether they are in conversational or academic English.
Learn about Parts Of Speech Prepositions with English tivi to learn English better:

Parts Of Speech Prepositions
Parts Of Speech Prepositions

Definition

Prepositions are words normally placed before nouns or pronouns. It can also be followed by verbs that must be in gerund form. Prepositions are generally used to show the relationship between its object and other words in the sentence.

Recognition of Prepositions

Common Preposition

atoninouttoupforby
till nearwithsincefrom off aboutof
belowbeyonddespiteduringuponoverunderwithout
intotowardagainstamongdownexcepttowardaround

Compound Prepositions

according to except forin respond to
as well as in accordancein spite of
because of in addition toinside of
by means in place ofinstead of
of byway in relation toon account of
of

Examples:

He’s been in prison for six months according to our records.

People can lift the load by means of a crane.

How to Use Prepositions

Different Ways

On + something, day, date, or time

+ It’s too late to see Mary; she’s already on the plane. (something) Come and see me on Monday. (day)

+ I was born on May 4, 1974. (date)

In + something, place (big), month, year, or season

+ Your socks are in the drawer. (something)

+ My friend is living in Phnom Penh. (a big place)

+ His uncle and aunt were separated in 1995. (year)

At + something, place (small), or time

+ We arrived at work place at 7 o’clock.

Noun + Prepositions

Nouns and Preposition Examples

Many nouns have particular prepositions which normally follow them. Here are some common examples:

NounsPrepositionExamples
age, attempt, pointat18 is the age at which you are allowed to vote.
Fisk is making his third attempt at the world record.
need, reason, responsibilityforWhat’s the reason for your unhappiness?
Nobody seems to have responsibility for the budget.
changes, differences, increaseinChanges in society have meant that young people leave home earlier.
There’s been a steady increase in the value of the euro.
inquiry, investigation, researchintoThe police inquiry into the theft continues.
She did some research into the causes of back pain.
cause, example, wayofThis is an example of international collaboration.
We need to find another way of doing things.
approach, reaction, responsetoMy reaction to it all was to try to forget it.
Her response to the criticism was very strong.

You might also like: Parts Of Speech Pronouns

Adjectives + Prepositions

AdjectiveExamples
famous forFrance is famous for its food
proud ofHe is very proud of his new car.
interested inJulie is very interested in the sport.
pleased withJohn is very pleased with his new suit.
bad atThey are very bad at maths.
good atEinstein was very good at physics.
married toMy mother has been married to my father for 20 years.
excited aboutI’m very excited about my holiday.
different from / toCoffee is different from tea.
afraid ofI’m afraid of spiders.
angry aboutI was angry about the accident.
disappointed inI am disappointed in you.
known forShe was known for causing problems.
opposed toThey are opposed to building a new road in the park.
remembered forShe is remembered for protecting mountain gorillas.
responsible forHe is responsible for causing the damage.
scared ofTina is scared of being alone at night.
terrified ofThe surfer is terrified of being attacked by a shark.
tired fromShe is tired from working all day.
tired ofMargaret is tired of making dinner every night.

Verb + Prepositions

Verb Examples
abstain fromThe doctor advised me to abstain from the use of alcohol and tobacco.
account forHow do you account for the unusually cold weather we’ve been having lately?
accuse ofHe accused me of taking some important papers from his desk.
adapt toWhen you travel you have to adapt to the habits and customs of the country you visit.
adhere toThis glue will not adhere to glass or leather.
agree onThey couldn’t agree on the subject of foreign policy.
agree withI don’t agree with a word you say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.
apologize forI have to apologize for the way this room looks. I haven’t gotten around to cleaning it.
approve ofShe doesn’t approve of alcohol in any form
argue withI won’t argue with you; I can see your mind’s made up already.
arrive at (a place)He arrived at my house just at supper time.
arrive in (city, country)They arrived in New York last Tuesday.
ask aboutWe asked about the condition of the roads between there and the
Capital.
ask forI asked for a quite room on the second floor of the hotel.
assure ofI assured him my willingness to help him.
bargain with (someone) for (something)I bargained with the dealer for more than two hours for that old sofa.
believe inDo you believe in Darwin’s Theory of Evolution?
belong toThis book doesn’t belong to me. It’s a library book.

Prepositional Phrase

At the minimum, a prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund, or clause, the “object” of the preposition.

The object of the preposition will often have one or more modifiers to describe it. These are the patterns for a prepositional phrase.

PREPOSITION + MODIFIER(S) + NOUN, PRONOUN, GERUND, OR CLAUSE

There are two kinds of preposition phrases:

Adjective Phrase: an adjective phrase modifies a noun or a pronoun. It always comes immediately after a noun or a pronoun it modified:

Example: The woman on the boat is my aunt Carol.

Adverb Phrase: an adverb phrase modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb. It is used to tell when, where, how, or to what extent about the word it modifies.

Example: Megan put her bird in its cage.

Read more: English Grammar

Conclusion

Above is all about parts of speech prepositions, a very important type of word in English. The knowledge of prepositions in English always appears in TOEIC, IELTS, or everyday English communication tests.

So, a thorough understanding of it will help you better improve your English.

Subscribe to the English tivi channel on youtube to improve your English skills!

You might also like: ALL the English Grammar Basics You Need

5/5 - (1 vote)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *