What is a Noun? Nouns in English with Example

What is a Noun? Nouns in English with Example

What is a Noun? Nouns in English are not merely objects that are mentioned directly or indirectly to perform an action or be affected by the action in a sentence but also closely related to verb conjugation. In this lesson, we will learn how to recognize nouns, classify them and use the correct form of nouns.

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Function of Nouns

Nouns in English are words used to refer to people, things, things, places… It has the following functions:

1. As the subject:
Her children are very obedient.

2. As a direct object:
Peter likes chocolate.

3. As an indirect object:
John gave Peter a red pen. John gave Peter a red pen.

4. As a complement of the subject: after the verbs “to be” and “become.”
My sister is a journalist.

5. As a complement for the object:
People consider him a teacher.

Classification of Nouns

Nouns can be divided into four categories: common nouns, proper nouns, abstract nouns, and collective nouns.

A. Common Nouns

1. Common nouns are nouns that indicate people, things, and places

  • For example: dog, house, picture, computer.

2. Common nouns can be written in the singular or plural form

  • Example: A dog or dogs

3. Common nouns do not capitalize the first letter.

B. Proper Nouns

1. Proper nouns are proper names to call each thing or object, such as a person’s name, place name, company name, etc.

  • For example: Microsoft, Mr. David Green, La Thanh street, Greentown Hospital, Town House Hotel, City Park…

2. Attention: proper nouns must capitalize the first letter.

C. Abstract Nouns

1. An abstract noun is a generic noun that names an idea or a quality. Abstract nouns are not usually seen, smelled, touched, or tasted.

  • For example: joy, peace, emotion, wisdom, beauty, courage, love, strength, character, happiness, personality

2. Abstract nouns can be singular or plural.

3. Abstract nouns can be countable or uncountable.

D. Collective Nouns

A collective noun that names a group or collection of people, places, or things.

  • Example: crew, team, navy, republic, nation, federation, herd, bunch, flock, swarm, litter

You might also like: Verb forms: V-ing and to V

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

What is Countable and Uncountable Nouns?

The noun that plays the role of the subject in the sentence needs to be determined exactly whether it is a singular or plural, countable or uncountable noun to conjugate the verb accordingly.

1. Countable noun: A noun that can be used with numbers, so it has 2 forms, singular, and plural. In the singular form, it is used with a, an or the.

  • For example: a book, two books, …

2. Uncountable nouns: Can’t be used with numbers, so it has no singular or plural form. It cannot be used with a, an and only in some special cases such as milk. You cannot say “one milk”, “two milks” … (Some uncountable substances can be contained in containers, packaging… countable like one glass of milk).

Note:

+ Some countable nouns have special plural forms such as: person – people; child – children; tooth – teeth; foot – feet; mouse-mice…

+ Some countable nouns have the same singular/plural form, distinguished only by having “a” and not having “a”: an aircraft/ aircraft; a sheep/ sheep; a fish/ fish.
+ Some uncountable nouns such as food, meat, money, sand, water … are sometimes used as plural nouns to indicate different forms and types of that material.

  • This is one of the foods that my doctor wants me to eat.

+ The noun “time”, if used to mean “time”, is uncountable, but when used to mean “time” or “number of times” is a countable noun.

  • You have spent too much time on that homework. (Time, uncountable)
  • I have seen that movie three times before. (Number of times, countable)

Countable and Uncountable Nouns List

Countable and Uncountable Nouns Table

Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns
a(n), the, some, anythe, some, any
this, that, these, thosethis, that
none, one, two, three,…none
many
a lot of
a [large / great] number of
(a) few
fewer… than
more… than
much
a lot of
a large amount of
(a) little
less… than
more… than

Some uncountable words you should know:

SandMoneyInformationPhysics
FoodNewsAirMathematics
MeatMeaslesMumpsPolitics
WaterSoapEconomicsHomework

Note:

+ “Advertising” is an uncountable noun, but “Advertisement” is a countable noun, indicating a specific advertisement.

There are too many advertisements during TV shows.

+ Collective nouns can be singular or plural. They are often used with singular verbs because the group works together as a unit. A collective noun goes with a plural verb when the part of the group acts as an individual.

Our team is practicing three nights a week. => The team is operating as a unit.

The team were talking among themselves. => Their members are active as individuals.

Read more: Noun – Parts Of Speech – Noun English Grammar

Noun Practice Exercises with Answers

1: A place where people eat.…………………

  1. Bathroom
  2. Kitchen
  3. Dining room

2: There are five ……………….. in the picture.

  1. sheep
  2. sheeps
  3. sheepes

3: Please give me that…………………

  1. book
  2. books
  3. books

4: Please keep your hands an……………….. inside the car.

  1. feet
  2. foots
  3. foot
  4. footes

5: The ……………….. stood on boxes to see the parade.

  1. child
  2. childs
  3. children
  4. childrens

6: You should place the ……………….. and spoons to the left of the plates.

  1. knifes
  2. knives
  3. knife
  4. knifes

7: Are the ……………….. chasing the other farm animals?

  1. geese
  2. gooses
  3. goose
  4. gooses

8: All birds are very good at building their………………..

  1. nestes
  2. nest
  3. nests
  4. nestoes

9: Donna and Doug are planning to sell all their possessions and move to Maui in order to become beach……………….. .

  1. bumes
  2. bums
  3. bum
  4. bumoes

10: We ate both ……………….. .

  1. apple
  2. appleoes
  3. apples
  4. Applese

11: Enter is a/an…………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

12: Sunflower is a/an ……………….. 

  1. person
  2. thing
  3. idea
  4. place
  5. not noun

13: Freedom is ……………….. 

  1. Collective nouns
  2. Abstract nouns

14: London is ……………….. 

  1. Abstract nouns
  2. Collective nouns

15: Law is  ……………….. 

  1. Abstract nouns
  2. Collective nouns

16: Forgiveness is a/an ……………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

17: Three ……………….. swam in the river.

  1. fish
  2. fishs
  3. fishes
  4. fishes

18: Marbles is a/an ……………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

19: Weather is:

  1. Countable nouns
  2. Uncountable nouns

20: Woman is:

  1. Common nouns
  2. Proper nouns

Read more: English Grammar

Noun Exercises with Answers

1: A place where people eat.…………………

  1. Bathroom
  2. Kitchen
  3. Dining room

2: There are five ……………….. in the picture.

  1. sheep
  2. sheeps
  3. sheepes

3: Please give me that…………………

  1. book
  2. books
  3. books

4: Please keep your hands an……………….. inside the car.

  1. feet
  2. foots
  3. foot
  4. footes

5: The ……………….. stood on boxes to see the parade.

  1. child
  2. childs
  3. children
  4. childrens

6: You should place the ……………….. and spoons to the left of the plates.

  1. knifes
  2. knives
  3. knife
  4. knifes

7: Are the ……………….. chasing the other farm animals?

  1. geese
  2. gooses
  3. goose
  4. gooses

8: All birds are very good at building their………………..

  1. nestes
  2. nest
  3. nests
  4. nestoes

9: Donna and Doug are planning to sell all their possessions and move to Maui in order to become beach……………….. .

  1. bumes
  2. bums
  3. bum
  4. bumoes

10: We ate both ……………….. .

  1. apple
  2. appleoes
  3. apples
  4. Applese

11: Enter is a/an…………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

12: Sunflower is a/an ……………….. 

  1. person
  2. thing
  3. idea
  4. place
  5. not noun

13: Freedom is ……………….. 

  1. Collective nouns
  2. Abstract nouns

14: London is ……………….. 

  1. Abstract nouns
  2. Collective nouns

15: Law is  ……………….. 

  1. Abstract nouns
  2. Collective nouns

16: Forgiveness is a/an ……………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

17: Three ……………….. swam in the river.

  1. fish
  2. fishs
  3. fishes
  4. fishes

18: Marbles is a/an ……………….. 

  1. Person
  2. Thing
  3. Idea
  4. Place
  5. not noun

19: Weather is:

  1. Countable nouns
  2. Uncountable nouns

20: Woman is:

  1. Common nouns
  2. Proper nouns
Noun-Exercises-with-Answers-PDF
countable-and-uncountable-nouns-exercises
countable and uncountable nouns exercises
noun-exercises-with-answers

Conclusion

Above is the theory of nouns in English and practical exercises that English tivi has synthesized. Please share this article if it was useful to you, and review the knowledge when you need it!

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